|Current Voltage||600 V dc|
|Maximum Track Length||18,4 km (1997)|
|Current Track Length||18,4 km|
|No.Of Cars||60 (approx.)|
|Maximum No.Of Lines||6 (1992-1994)|
|Current No.Of Lines||4 (two in night)|
Olomouc, beautiful city in Moravia (eastern part of Czech Republic),
now with 110.000 inhibitans shows typical example of tramway need - their
railway station was too far from the city centre, so in 1897 German firma
Siemens & Halske started to built electric tramway here. First line
was opened in 1899 betwenn Railway station and Nova Ulice (Olomouc suburb).
Railway station terminus was equipped with a loop - in that time it was
something unusual and it was probably first loop in Austrian-Hungarian
monarchy. Nine tramcars served this line, as well as second line to Sibenik
opened half year ago. In 1904 city bought tramway company. In 1912 depot
was upgraded and new tramcars from Studenka purchased. New line to Central
cementry was opened in 1914. Tramways in Olomouc were closed in 1917 because
of war. They weren't back in service until 1920, when track was renewed.
Also in 1920 new tramcars were purchased. In 1928 was cemetry line expanded
into Neredin, and in 1933 into airport. After WW2 tramcars fleet was poor.
So in 1947 used tramways from Praha were purchased (approx. 50 pcs untill
1957 was delivered!) In 1954 was completely changed track in historic centre.
Single-track through 'city' was abandoned and new double-track was built.
Depot was upgraded. In 1955 new line to Market Hall was opened, and in
1957 Hodolany were connected. But in 1956 was airport line shortened to
Neredin, last approx. 300 meters of this line is still with single-track.
New tramways of T1 type were delivered in 1957, 10 pcs was delivered. They
were followed with five T2 tramcars, one of them was first prototype 6001
from Praha. All of these tramcars were withdrawned in 1982-1986 period.
72 tramcars of T3 type was delivered between 1966 and 1987, and they are
mostly in service until today. No tramways of type KT8D5 were delivered.
In 1981 old line to Nova ulice was closed and new one was built through
different street. In the end of 80's city wanted to built second tramway
route to Main Station. Some projects were created, but in 1993 this line
was 'finally' rejected (because the shortage of funds). Hah! Only ten days
after this decision (!) big accident of water pipes caused closure of route
between Square Of National Heroes and Main Railway Station. For two weeks,
city transport was paralysed. Then in 1994 they started to built this line.
It was opened on 25th April 1997 as the newest tramway route in Czech Republic
at all, later was also upgraded crossing on Square Of National Heroes,
to allow direct service from Neredin through new line to railway station.
Also there's hope to built new line to suburb Povel, but any expansion
of track requires new depot, because it is impossible to store more tramways
into old one.
In 1998 there also started era of low-floor tramways, as first two cars from Skoda Plzen (Astra) were delivered. Another two cars followed in 1999.
In April 1999, 100th anniversary of city tramways was also celebrated. For that time, original Olomouc tramcar No.16 was completely restored and was presented during event on varied historic lines.
Tramways covers approx. 55% of all transport needs in city.
Following lines are in operation:
|Line 1||from Fibichova st. to Nova ulice, now through new line|
|Line 2||from Fibichova st. to Neredin, through old line|
|Line 3||from Fibichova via old line to Namesti Hrdinu and via new line back (circular)|
|Line 4||from Hodolany to Nova ulice, but through old line, also night service|
|Line 5||from Hodolany to Neredin, night service only|
|Line 6||from Fibichova st. to Nova ulice via old line|
Map of network can be viewed here
CZECH REPUBLIC - Olomouc, historic unit in front
of railway station
CZECH REPUBLIC - Olomouc, T3 tramway in front of railway station
For the information about historic vehicles please follow link
This page (c) 1998 Richard A.Bílek. All photos and articles by Richard A.Bílek, except where noted. Feel free to spread all of these informations, but do not forget to mention your source.